Press "Enter" to skip to content

Japan’s ‘Four Big Pollution Diseases’

1912 – 1965

“Decades of mishandling industrial waste in Japan lead to repeated outbreaks of serious diseases, beginning in 1912 with reports of Itai-itai disease, a painful skin and bone condition. Mitsui Mining & Smelting Company faces blame for dumping cadmium in the Jinzu River. Two versions of Minamata disease, which can lead to paralysis and death, break out in 1956 and 1965 after the Chisso Corporation and Showa Denko K.K. dump methylmercury into local water supplies. Yokkaichi asthma emerges in 1956, and blame falls on Yokkaichi Kombinato’s petrochemical processing facilities and refineries. In 1971 and 1973, district courts find Chisso and Showa Denko fully responsible [PDF] for Minamata disease, awarding victims millions of dollars in damages. Similar rulings follow for the other ailments, though health issues from the diseases and related legal battles continue. Japan’s experience influences many nations to set new limits on industrial pollutants, including through the Minamata Convention on Mercury, an international treaty that eventually gains 128 signatories.” Council on Foreign Relations

Be First to Comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

5 × four =

Copyright © 2021 | PPNI | TAEN | Powered by WordPress | Mission News
Ecological Disasters